This sanction prohibits the purchase of debt owed to the Government of Venezuela and/or Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), which includes money pledged as collateral made after the effective date of this Executive Order. The national guard was founded on 4 August 1937 by the then President of the Republic, General-in-Chief Eleazar López Contreras. It is said that about 90 percent of Venezuelan gold is produced illegally, however, the Venezuelan Government denies these claims. Nel 2007, la Guardia nazionale è stata rinominata come Guardia Nacional Bolivariana de Venezuela ed è stata ampliata ulteriormente per includere il Commando della guardia popolare nel 2011 e il Comando anti-estorsioni e anti-sequestro nel 2013, con una Divisione per l'azione sociale in fase di sviluppo. The branch is recognized for its human rights violations under the Bolivarian government and its alleged involvement in international drug trafficking through the Cartel of the Suns.[1]. okdiario.com. [11] Anche le guardie di grado inferiore competono per i ruoli ai checkpoint di confine in modo da poter essere pagati con mazzette per "traffico illecito", sebbene gran parte del denaro arrivi ai superiori. The regiments are each divided into 2 to 4 battalion-sized detachments and a headquarters unit. el año pasado | 751 views. L'equipaggiamento è come quello di una fanteria leggera, con il fucile d'assalto AK-103 (sostituto del FN FAL) e con mitragliatrici leggere e mortai fino a 81 mm di calibro. The Bolivarian National Guard of Venezuela (Spanish: Guardia Nacional Bolivariana de Venezuela - GNB), also called the Armed Forces of Cooperation (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Cooperación), is one of the four components of the National Armed Forces of Venezuela. Il corso per le Classi speciali arrivò l'anno successivo. The Technical Services School's Special Classes, by that year, moved to Caracas, became independent and on September 16, 1935, was disbanded. [28] In Valencia, protesters were dispersed by the National Guard in El Trigál, where four students (three men and one woman) were attacked inside of a car while trying to leave the perimeter;[29] the three men were imprisoned and one of them was allegedly sodomized by one of the officers with a rifle. 14-may-2018 - Historia de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana de Venezuela. The Mission organized the new service until 1941 and thus completed the Charter of the National Guard (based on the Charter of the Civil Guard), with its motto, "Honor is Its Emblem" (based on the Spanish Civil Guard motto). It acquired 141 Chinese Norinco VN-4 4x4 wheeled armored vehicles in 2012,[6] and 50 in 2013. La Guardia Nacional Bolivariana o Fuerza Armada de Cooperación surge debido a la necesidad de los gobernantes de mantener la integridad y seguridad de la población y el territorio, así como para resguardar las instituciones del Estado. La oficina regional del Consejo Nacional Electoral (CNE) en Carabobo amaneció este sábado 12 de diciembre custodiada por un cordón de efectivos de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana (GNB), en el marco del desarrollo de la consulta popular impulsada por la oposición. Ver Guardia Nacional Bolivariana - okdiario.com en Dailymotion. @2001online: “Funcionarios de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana (GNB) aprehendieron a cinco operadores de una…” [15][16] Il 15 febbraio 2014, un comandante della Guardia nazionale venezuelana è stato fermato mentre guidava a Valencia con la sua famiglia ed è stato arrestato per il possesso di 554 kg di cocaina. He then created CAMIMPEG, which is Venezuela's military-run oil and mining company. Allí preparan durante cuatro años, oficiales técnicos de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana en las siguientes carreras universitarias: [15] [11] En Licenciatura en Ciencias y Artes Militares con las menciones: Since the creation of the Orinoco Mining Arc by Nicolas Maduro, there have been at least four massacres in towns like Tumeremo and El Callao, located in the state of Bolivar. The service today is composed of 17 state-level People's Guards Regiments in several of the States of Venezuela and the Venezuelan Capital District, with more to be raised soon, together with 29 independent People's Guards Battalions and 21 Public Safety Battalions in major cities nationwide. The military responded by stating that the miners were suspected criminals, to which they recovered several different types of guns, rifles and grenades. The GNB is equipped as a light infantry force, with the standard-issued weapon being the FN FAL battle rifle (being replaced with the AK-103). Nel 1993, il termine Cartel de los Soles o Cartello dei Soli fu usato per la prima volta con il processo a due generali della Guardia nazionale indagati per traffico di droga. guardia nacional bolivariana sirehweb v3.2.6 © 2010 - 2020 10-12-2020 00:21 Most of the RCs and SZCs also control the 16 local rural service commando battalions for keeping order in rural communities, but only the Caracas Capital District ZS has none, instead of having 7 area detachments as of present with 3 regiment sized. Places New Sanctions on Venezuela Day After Election", "The US imposed sanctions on one of Venezuela's last viable industries: gold", "Venezuela Goes Hungry, its Military Makes Money by Trafficking Food", "Venezuela Military controls food while nation goes hungry", "Militarization and Mining a Dangerous Mix in Venezuelan Amazon", "Why global environmentalists are silent on Venezuela's mining crisis", "Battle Over Venezuela Gold Behind Killings of Miners", "Illegal gold mining in Venezuela causing deaths, malaria, gang fights and deforestation", Official site of the National Guard of Venezuela, Official site of the Ministry for the Defense of Venezuela, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Venezuelan_National_Guard&oldid=992950060, Specialist law enforcement agencies of Venezuela, Military units and formations established in 1937, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2013, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Interior and Justice, Venezuelan Capital District National Guard Zone Command, Vargas and Federal Dependencies National Guard Zone Command, Miranda and Insular Territory National Guard Zone Command, Nueva Esparta National Guard Zone Command, Delta Amaruco National Guard Zone Command, National Guard Military High School "CPT Pedro Maria Ochoa Morales", Commando Action Group of the National Guard, National Guard Rural Commando Detachments, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 00:12. [14], A settembre del 2013, un incidente, presumibilmente legato al Cartello dei Soli, coinvolse alcuni uomini della Guardia nazionale che avevano piazzato 31 valigie contenenti 1,3 t di cocaina su un volo per Parigi che furono scoperte e sequestrate dalle autorità francesi, divenendo il più grande sequestro di cocaina mai registrato nella Francia continentale. Guardia Nacional Bolivariana. In the late 1970s, the Guard established its own air arm. Explorar más vídeos. [21] There are reports alleging that the Venezuelan National Guard has worked with pro-Maduro groups, called "colectivos" while dispersing protesters. In that same year, a Spanish military mission arrived to help form and train a fully national police force, led by Captain Cecillo Suarez of the Civil Guard. Academia Técnica Militar de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana. [15] It has been alleged that the National Guard had worked with the FARC with drug trade. The National Guard Academy and the National Guardsmen Formation School were both created that year. If there are no incentives offered, any food or goods will sit to rot. Capturados «los Cobreros» por extorsión y cobro de vacunas a comerciantes. Forgot account? Ver más ideas sobre Venezuela, Historia, Transformacion cultural. Nello stesso anno, una missione militare spagnola arrivò in Venezuela per aiutare a formare e addestrare una forza di polizia nazionale, guidata dal capitano Cecillo Suarez della Guardia civil. Possiede oltre 40 blindati Unimog UR-416 (in dismissione dal 2018) e nel 2012 sono stati acquistati 141 Norinco VN-4 4x4[5] e 50 nel 2013. The command is led by Brigadier General Alexis Escalona Marrero. Uno dei massacri più recenti è avvenuto il 10 febbraio 2018, in cui 18 minatori hanno perso la vita: una delle vittima era una legale della miniera, Angelis Rodriguez Cuevas, che stava negoziando per consegnare il suo territorio al governo venezuelano quando la GNB ha fatto irruzione nella sua miniera, uccidendo lei e altri 17 pochi giorni dopo. resdal.org. Nel 1940 fu avviato il primo corso per la formazione degli ufficiali, ma dopo una riduzione importante nel 1941, furono avviati nel 1944 anche i corsi per l'intelligence militare e della polizia, con l'aiuto del Federal Bureau of Investigation degli Stati Uniti. 14-may-2018 - Historia de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana de Venezuela. Tuttavia, viene di solito adoperato un berretto marrone invece di quello nero. [27], Ulteriori sanzioni sono state aggiunte il 29 agosto 2017 dal presidente Donald Trump contro il governo venezuelano e Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA), attualmente gestita dal maggiore Manuel Quevedo. venezolanas tienen cartel propio", "Corrupt military officials helping Venezuela drug trade flourish", "Venezuela's Drug-Running Generals May Be Who Finally Ousts Maduro", "Detienen a comandante de la Milicia con cargamento de drogas", "Venezuela violence continues after arrest of Leopoldo López", "Militares admiten excesos durante las protestas en Venezuela", "Polémicas fotos de GNB actuando con colectivos son difundidas por periodista que renunció a Globovisión", "GNB y colectivos atacan universidades en todo el país", "GNB y "colectivos" reprimen protesta en la UCLA, al menos 3 estudiantes resultaron heridos", "Venezuela: Así actúan Tupamaros con protección del chavismo [Video]", "Los Tupamaros: El brazo armado del chavismo que siembra terror en protestas", "White House Sanctions Seven Officials in Venezuela", "White House Bans Venezuela's Digital Currency and Expands Sanctions", "U.S. The Government of Venezuela opened up an investigation against the military, but nothing has come about. A Chilean military mission led by the Carabineros de Chile helped reorganize the National Guard in the same year. Fondata il 4 agosto 1937 dall'allora presidente delle repubblica nonché generale in capo Eleazar López Contreras, la Guardia possiede il motto "El Honor es su divisa" , diverso da quello della Guardia Civil spagnola. About See All +58 426-4429462. El Coronel Mauricio Rico Guzmán, Subcomandante de Policía Norte de Santander aseguró "se logró la captura de un sujeto que anteriormente prestaba los servicios en la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana en Venezuela, alias el "Gato" autor material del asesinato de un mototaxista". È necessario inoltre un altro pagamento per coprire il costo per caricare i camion che trasporteranno la merce. [26][27], Human Rights Watch reports that "many victims and family members we spoke with said they believed they might face reprisals if they reported abused by police, guardsmen, or armed pro-government gangs. 188 created the Technical Services School, located in Fort Paez, Maracay. [31][32], In concomitanza con gli ordini esecutivi 13692 e 13835, il presidente Trump ha firmato l'Ordine esecutivo 13692 che sanziona il settore aurifero, indirizzandosi soprattutto alla corruzione e a coloro che hanno portato ad infrastrutture fatiscenti e allo sfruttamento delle risorse naturali (da parte di PDVSA). The GNB have cooperated with paramilitaries known as colectivos within the country 1937. Difesa civile o come fanteria leggera dii riserva possesses over forty Unimog UR-416 wheeled armored vehicles in 2012, 6... Its present formation of the public Security Academy plus the Capital District have one AESG detachment to! 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